عنوان مقاله [English]
“The world” is one of the subjects discussed considerably in the Islamic texts, especially in Nahj-al-Balaghah with careful and effective details and eloquent allegories and metaphors. This subject is important to discuss; since, by having a basic and proper knowledge of the world and its good and badness, the lifestyle may be improved, and this, in turn, will be effective in the improvement of the condition of society. Basically, Imam Ali looks the world from two points of view, each of which has remarkable qualities, based on man’s attitude towards the natural world. It is in this regard that “quest of worldly gain and request of hereafter”, and consequently, “praise and reproach of the world”, will be meaningful. Of course, the main point in Imam Ali’s point of view about the world is nothing but “the world is for man not the man for the world”, without any reduction in the importance of the world. The purpose is to respect the human values not to invalidate the values of the world. This paper tries to study the world in the Imam Ali point of view, and in this regard, to discuss issues including the relationship between man and the world, praise and reproach of the world, the significance of “being interested in the world”, and the conflict between this and the next world.