عنوان مقاله [English]
Semiology and signs are observable and tangible phenomenons which represent an absent phenomenon to which they have a relation. Nahjul Balaqa is a book of advice, morals and psychology that has been flown through the tongue of Imam Ali (as). This book consists of moral and religious messages toward different groups of people and many scholars have tried to deliver its meaning in Persian and Arabic literature in a very admirable way. This research will try to study the social semiology process in Nahjul Balaqa and its results by a descriptive-analytical method. The different characteristics of social semiology have been illustrated in this book through different Norms and identities like: nourishment, language, gestures, names, uniforms, etc. all these elements were illustrated in different ways which shows the diversity of signs and the spectacular attention of Imam Ali (as) to these social and cultural concepts. Cultural confrontation and using different methods of linguistic and non-linguistic in forming different personalities are so obvious. Class disparity between poor and rich people in food, clothing and housing are among the subjects that we will discuss in this paper.