عنوان مقاله [English]
In the present article, the authors have tried to show that, in Imam Ali's rule, five managerial duties or functions (planning, organizing, leadership, coordination, control and supervision) have been paid attention to, emphasized, and fulfilled. Thus, while speaking of such duties or functions, the authors have selected examples from Imam Ali's sermons, letters, and wisdoms as well as other relevant sources to discuss.
Under planning, points such as objectives, predictions made for future, management of time, continuation of plans, and reflexibility have been discussed. Organization begins with division of labour and includes issues such as obedience, delegation of power, profession, and scope of supervision.
Under leadership, properties such as piety, knowledge, patience, accountability, forgiveness, self-education, humility and the like will be mentioned.
The fourth duty, coordination and guidance, concerns benefits of union and detriments of disunion. In this field, issues such as guidance, motivation, encouragement, punishment, and morality are spoken of.
The fifth duty or function refers to control and supervision. Having explained necessity of control and supervision as well as taking necessary actions, authors have discussed kinds of classifications made in management discipline (and in particular Islamic discipline).
It should be noted that, in the conclusion of each section, the results of analysis of findings have been demonstrated in tables and graphs.