عنوان مقاله [English]
Every society needs labor and activity of its people and leaders in order to survive. Labor is a fundamental need which has existed since ancient times and whose importance has increased ever since. Labor is a national capital and can foster development of civilizations. Imam Ali has explained basics and principles of labor and hard work in his priceless book, Nahj al-Balaghah. Imam Ali worked hard in all his life for improvement of the society, and in particular during his reign as caliph.
This study adopts a descriptive method and uses information from available books, in particular Nahj al-Balaghah, and aims to explore the place of labor, division of labor and different aspects of labor based on teachings of Nahj al-Balaghah and thereby suggest a strategy for providing healthy and productive labor in today’s societies. According to the findings, labor and division of labor have an important place in the society and play an effective role in the survival, balance, dynamism, livelihood and productivity of all societies. The study also draws on ideas of other thinkers on definition of labor, place of labor, division of labor, advantages and reasons of division of labor, impacts of division of labor, etc. to further expand the discussion.